Usually, the first thing a person faces when connecting the Internet through a computer is a browser. Mobile devices also have it, but people often use mobile applications on their gadgets.
Browser is a computer program translating texts, pictures, videos and other information, encrypted in codes on the Internet, into an understandable for human form. It is like a window from a computer monitor into an endless data web.
The program called WorldWideWeb was the first browser, later renamed as Nexus. It appeared at the dawn of 1990, when the Internet began to enter homes of ordinary users. Shortly thereafter, another browser (let's call it a browser for Windows) was developed by Microsoft, which at that time was the largest software development company. That was Internet Explorer. Nowadays, there are already several dozen such programs, each possesses its own distinctive features and additional useful functions.
You can download a browser on the official website of a company involved in its support and development. Most of them are free, and exist through donations from users, or through support from companies for prestige, or through embedded advertising or selling additional features such as extensions.
You can install a browser both on a computer and a mobile phone. Each device can have an unlimited number of browsers, and you can use all of them at the same time to access the Internet through several points.
Since an Internet browser is a window between users and the Internet world network, it is a link that transfers information between a user and servers. Therefore, browser must do right things when it comes to confidential information, and it is forbidden to require clients to perform any type of its scanning. Basic rules for the transfer of users’ personal data by browsers are laid down in the standards and recommendations of the World Wide Web Consortium. Standardization allows programs to equally and correctly transfer network information to users, regardless of a device used.
The functionality of browsers is constantly expanding due to competition between development teams. This makes the process of obtaining information on the Internet more convenient, enjoyable and safe.
There are dozens of web browsers developed by companies and programmers around the world that differ in data processing speed, cost and built-in functions. Most of them are free.
The first-ever web browser was WorldWideWeb (later renamed as Nexus). It appeared in the 1990s, and the dominant then computer software company Microsoft, decided not to let the competitor go ahead by creating Internet Explorer, which became the admin program for the Internet for more than 20 years (it was preinstalled on 95% of all computers in the world).
Today, the most popular by the number of users is Google Chrome (by Google). This is absolutely free open source software that many developers use to create their own counterpart. The advantages of Google Chrome are the facts that it is free and has a library of plugins allowing to embed useful features in your browser, for example, determine the font name or color of the image on the site you are viewing.
Another free and very popular tool for surfing the Internet is Mozilla Firefox. It was created by free developers, therefore it does not have a sponsor, and therefore, on its homepage, when downloading, there is often an announcement asking for a donation for the benefit of the free Internet access through the non-profit Mozilla Firefox. It is probably the most easy proxy to use.
The next on our list is Opera, which occupies over 60 percent of the market in Europe, America and Asia. The Opera company, which owns the program, also owns the leading online advertising business, Opera Media Center, a joint venture with Omnicom Media Networks. It has the largest and most popular video platform with about 3 billion users per month and 1.5 billion unique visitors per month. Opera, like Google Chrome, is equipped with a plug-in store that enables to expand standard features.
Apple Safari is a product of Apple, which has been competing with Microsoft for a long time. It is preinstalled on Apple technical devices - iPhones, MacBooks and iPads. In this regard, it has become widespread. Safari is fast, reliable and has a nice interface. However, it is not very well optimized and has some problems that are not found in other browsers.
Avant is trying to keep up with its competitors, and is constantly updated. It is developed on 3 engines, including a Microsoft engine.
Atom has long been used in the Ubuntu operating system. It provides many features, including search and the ability to do such things as sharing your location with the help of the command prompt.
Maxthon is based on the Chromium project. The project has been working since March 2014 and was launched within the framework of the GNU General Public License 2.0 (GPLv2).
Yandex is a browser of the Russian company Yandex. It was created on the basis of the Chromium source code. It has a built-in search of the same name. You can download the browser here
The second Russian representative is Amigo, launched by Mail.ru Group.
K-Meleon is a free open source Chrome-based program with many setting features.
FreeU is a little-known software of developers of the same name open source website builder.
Avast Secure is a product of the Avast company, engaged in the antivirus development. It has increased reliability and personal data confidentiality when using the Internet.
Vivaldi was created on the basis of the Chromium open source and the Blink engine. The Norwegian developers equipped it with a number of additional features to highlight among others. For example, Vivaldi has an extension for saving music and video.